FAQ about private investigators

What are the legal conditions for practicing the private investigator profession?

The legislative texts governing the private detective profession have evolved considerably over the past ten years. As of November 2, 2016, any professional working as a private investigator must have obtained prior approval from the CNAPS, National Council for Private Security Activities.
To obtain this authorization, in addition to the conditions of morality, the professional skills of the professional must be justified by the

“possession of a professional certification registered in the national directory of professional certifications or of a title recognized by a Member State of the European Union. or by one of the States Parties to the Agreement on the European Economic Area, referring to the activity of private research “

as specified in Decree 2005-1123 of 6 September 2005 in Article 1.

What is the CNAPS?

The CNAPS, National Council for Private Security Activities, is a public body attached to the Ministry of the Interior. Detectives are under his authority because the investigation is considered a private security activity.
The CNAPS has a triple mission: the issuance of licenses and authorizations to practice detectives, the control of professionals in the sector, an information mission to these same professionals.

Why do the private investigators charge a CNAPS tax?

The CNAPS is funded by industry professionals. Thus, they have the obligation to mention a CNAPS tax on each of their invoice and to return the amount to the CNAPS.
This tax is 0.4% in 2016 (0.45% in 2015 and 0.5% in 2014)

What is the price of a private investigator?

If rates are regulated for bailiffs and notaries, this is not the case for lawyers and private investigators where fees are free.
Also, the prices applied vary according to the competence, the experience of the agency as well as according to the technicality of each file.
To consult the fees of the agency INVESTIG CORP PI, please go to the page RATE.

Are private investigator investigation reports admissible in the courts?

The case-law has been consistent since 1962, and Judgment No. 1020 of 7 November 1962. The Court of Cassation regularly confirms its position.
Also, to be admissible a private investigator investigation report must respect the privacy of the target of the investigation and the conditions of loyalty in the administration of the evidence.